Traumatic Brain Injuries in Sports
DeShone Myles & James Cannida, both former NFL players, during their career at the University of Nevada, Reno
The increasing number of reported TBIs (Traumatic Brain Injuries) and concussions in athletes is a developing concern throughout
the sports industry. Current research has shown a significant rise in sports related concussions. Researchers have proven the short
term effects that concussive athletes endure, and are now broadening the studies to look at the long term damage that they suffer.
According to the Mayo Clinic:
"A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that alters the way your brain functions. Effects are usually temporary but can include
headaches and problems with concentration, memory, balance, and coordination. Although concussions usually are caused by a blow to
the head, they can also occur when the head and upper body are violently shaken. These injuries can cause a loss of consciousness,
but most concussions do not. Because of this, some people have concussions and don't realize it. Concussions are common, particularly
if you play a contact sport such as football, but every concussion injures your brain to some extent. This injury needs time and rest
to heal properly. Most concussive traumatic brain injuries are mild, and people usually recover fully."
The Colorado Medical Society devised a set of guidelines in 1991 to grade the severity of concussions, and when an athlete is allowed
to return to play. They listed three grades of concussions (from mild to severe), and suggested periods of time for the athlete to
recover properly before returning to training and competition.
The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) revised a set of guidelines in 2013 that moved away from concussion grading, and emphasized
more detailed neurological assessments prior to the athlete's return to play.
Awareness campaigns are taking place throughout the world to further educate sports professionals on TBIs and concussive athletes. First,
the professional must be able to identify the symptoms once an athlete has suffered a concussion. Secondly, they must be aware of when to
implement appropriate measures and seek medical attention. Third, it is crucial that they understand the aftercare and treatment process
to minimize the long term damage and allow the athlete to recover properly.
Currently, the primary recovery treatment protocol for concussions is rest. Rest allows the abnormal activity of the brain to normalize
and begin to recover from the trauma. Sports professionals are searching for ways to optimize the recovery process during this time.
The Neuroscope is a great asset to the sports industry and concussive athletes. It is designed to specifically address brain wave
abnormalities through it's biofeedback capabilities and treating functions. It is designed with four frequencies that directly address
the different brain wave states. Through proper applications, the sports professional is able to apply recovery treatments by normalizing
the erratic, abnormal brain wave activity. Neuroscope treatments should NOT be applied prior to having the authorization of the primary
physician, involved specialists, and any necessary prescriptions. Traumatic brain injuries and concussions should not be taken lightly,
and should be addressed carefully at all times. All attending professionals should work together to develop a treatment program for the
individual athlete in order to ensure a positive outcome.
Trevor Reckling, Professional Baseball Player
Through proper treatment applications with the Neuroscope, the athlete will receive the following benefits:
- A normalizing affect of brain wave function
- A decrease in inflammation alleviating pressure in the head
- The ability to focus sooner and more clearly
- The ability to balance properly and improve balance mechanics
- Improvement in memory
- Improvement in performance once he/she returns to play
- Prevention of long term damage
Demonstration of a Treatment Utilizing the Ear Clips with the Neuroscope 230
The following should be considered while determining the proper treatment program for the athlete:
- The severity of the concussion
- The athlete's history with concussions
- The symptoms that are present (headache, blurred vision, altered balance, memory loss, etc.)
- How long have the symptoms been present
- Other medical treatments involved
- Other variables to consider (obtained from the primary physician)
The Neuroscope 230 treatments can be applied in a clinical setting, or used as a home care unit for personal applications
with a prescription from the attending physician.